Electric spark forming processing equipment structure improvement
The model modern machining engine bed development experience, the electric spark forming processing equipment develops to the numerical control direction is a irreversible tendency. On the one hand should by the high accuracy, the high velocity, change into the pursue goal automatically, seizes the market by the technical superiority;precision parts On the other hand should consider fully the equipment the performance price compared to, through to the engine bed function reasonable localization, makes the structure improvement and the modular design, uses the open numerical control system, enhances rationality which the engine bed designs, provides by the lowest price and the enough function to the user may satisfy each kind of electric spark forming processing engine bed which the different processing needs.
Modern machining technological development impact, before suits uses the electric spark machining a part of processing domain to substitute gradually for the machining way. But, the modern science and technology development proposed to the components manufacture precision a higher request, each kind of high performance material application is day by day widespread, simultaneously, some components structure tends to the complication, precision parts the microminiaturization, thinly, this all causes the machining technology to be restricted in certain processing domain application, but these are exactly the electric spark forming processing technical superiority, also is it has the existing space and the development potential reality basis.
For the comprehensive impetus electric spark forming processing equipment technology advancement, while uses the advanced control system, the engine bed structure design also needs further to consummate, its main development direction displays in following two aspects:
(1) straight line servosystem application The electric spark forming processing equipment uses the straight line electrical machinery servosystem to be possible to cause the workability to obtain the distinct improvement, the concrete manifestation is: May realize the axis direct translation, omits a guide screw nut transmission link, thus guarantee axis high speed movement; Uses the straight line electrical machinery and the slide integration structure, may eliminate between the slide and the electrical machinery because of has the machinery lag in response phenomenon which the middle link causes, enhances the system the sensitivity, reduces the dynamic response time, the guarantee processing process stability; The straight line electrical machinery servosystem mode of motion had decided its position examination link must use the straight line position feedback part, the realization not middle link direct position examination, thus constitutes an entire closed-loop system, the guarantee processing process high accuracy and the precision retentivity. At present, the straight line servosystem application in deep narrow, the small die space processing and a mould pressing components mold multi-cavity processing aspect has the obvious technical superiority. But, these technical superiority must realize truly, except must unify the electric spark forming processing electric discharge process characteristic, outside the solution straight line servosystem itself technical difficult problem, but also must solve a series of and the straight line servosystem necessary related technology, like translation system dynamic equilibrium, work table structure improvement and so on.
(2) engine bed mode of motion improvement
Breaks through the existing electric spark forming processing engine bed mode of motion the limitation, is displays its technical superiority, impels its industrial development another important way. The model modern machining technology development experience, may direct the human circular motion in the engine bed main processing forming movement foundation, specially uses the multiple spindle rotary system and many kinds of translation coordinating group synthesizes many kinds of compound motion way, adapts the different type work piece processing request, the expanded electric spark forming processing processing scope, enhances it in the precise processing aspect comparison superiority and the technical benefit. At present, many electric spark forming processing engine bed has made some improvements in the mode of motion, if Swiss Arch Company produces AGIF the MONDO STAR20(50) engine bed has the EQUIMODE function, can realize the spatial any direction hemisphere stable motion, this kind of stable motion function has the very high practical value in the actual processing. But the present electric spark forming processing engine bed additionally builds the mode of motion is also unitary, the application scope is limited. The electric spark forming processing must in aspects and so on processing precision, processing efficiency, processing scope obtain the significant breakthrough, an important development direction is to the engine bed forming mode of motion innovation and the diversification. Recently, Japan University of Tokyo -odd component doctor, increased Ze prosperous long Professor and so on to propose loss concepts and so on electrode, namely through to processed the way the reasonable plan, might cause the electrode to lose is at and so on the loss conditions, thus caused the compensation which the electrode lost to become extremely simple.
This concept statement has provided the essential theory basis for the electric spark forming processing mode of motion improvement. Certainly, produces from this the engine bed structural change and the correlation technology theory research also must further the deep person and the consummation, even has the possibility to develop one kind of brand-new processing theory.
In addition, precision parts the engine bed overall construction design must consider fully the environmental protection as well as a human machine coordination, with the aid of the advanced design method and the method (for example CAD, the finite element analysis and so on) carry on the comprehensive optimized design to the engine bed structure, enhances the engine bed structure fully the sophistication and the rationality.