Types Of Commonly Used Tool Of The CNC Milling and Tool Type Selection
Precision CNC machining parts NC milling tool types, in order to adapt to high-speed, high efficiency and high degree of automation features of CNC machine tools, the tool is moving in the direction of standardization, universal and modular development, including the milling cutter and hole machining tool. meet the requirements of efficient and specific milling, developed for a variety of special purpose tool. There are many ways to the classification of the CNC milling tool tool structure can be divided into: (1) the overall style, ② mosaic, welding or machine clip connection, the clamp can be divided into translocation and indexable two ③ special type, such as composite tool, damping tool manufacturing tool materials can be divided into: (1) high-speed steel cutting tools, ② carbide cutting tools, (3) diamond tool, ④ other materials, cutting tools, such as cubic boron nitride cutting tools, ceramic cutting tools. from the cutting process can be divided into: flat end milling cutter, rounded end mills, ball end cutter and taper milling knives.
Machining Centers, Tool Type Selection
Precision CNC machining partsTool selection in CNC programming state of human-computer interaction should be based on the processing capacity of the machine tool, workpiece material properties, processing procedures, cutting parameters and other relevant factors, the correct selection of the tool and tool holder, tool selection The general principle is : easy to install, good rigidity, durability and high precision to meet the processing requirements under the premise, as we choose a shorter shank in order to improve the rigidity of tooling production, processing parts of the geometry is to select the tool type the main basis.
Precision CNC machining parts A milling cutter selection of machining curved parts, in order to ensure that cutting edge and contour is tangent to the cutting point, to avoid the blade and the workpiece contour interference, generally use the ball head knife, rough two-edged cutter, semi- finishing and finishing with four-blade cutter, milling the larger plane, generally use the blade inlaid disc cutter, milling flat or stepped surface in order to increase productivity and improve the surface roughness, generally universal cutter milling keyway, in order to ensure the dimensional accuracy of the slot, usually two-edged keyway cutter, posted on Free paper Download Center http://eng.hi138.com
2. hole machining tool selection. hole machining of CNC machine tools in general no drill mode, due to poor rigidity of the drill and cutting conditions, the selection of the drill diameter D should satisfy L / D ≤ 5 (L conditions for the drilling depth, the drill center drill before positioning to ensure the accuracy of the positioning of the hole processing, fine twist the choice of floating reamer reaming orifice want to chamfer, boring should try to use a symmetrical edge boring head, cutting, cut vibration to balance the boring; try to choose a thicker and shorter shank in order to reduce cutting vibration. economic type CNC machining, tool sharpening, measurement and replacement of more than manually, taking up the auxiliary long time, therefore, must be reasonable to arrange the order of the tool in general should follow the following principles: (1) to minimize tool quantity, ② a tool clamping to complete all processing site ③ rough finishing tool should be used separately, even if it is the same dimensions of the tool, ④ The first milling drill, ⑤ the first surface finished, two-dimensional contour finishing, (6) possible, as far as possible use of CNC machine tools, automatic tool changer, in order to improve production efficiency In addition, the durability and accuracy of the tool and the tool price relationships requires attention, in most cases, choose a good tool, although the increase in the cost of the tool, processing quality and the resulting efficiency can greatly reduce the overall processing costs. In short, according to heat treatment condition of the workpiece material, cutting performance, and allowance to choose good rigidity, high durability cutter is to give full play to the CNC milling machine production efficiency and access to the premise of a satisfactory quality of processing.
On the application of precision milling technology in the processing center
Precision CNC machining parts machinery manufacturing industry plays a very important position in the national economy as a whole, including metal cutting, basic and reliable precision machining means during the process of NC programming, tool selection and cutting the amount of very important, it is not only a huge effect on the quality of the parts to be processed, and can even determine the machine the efficacy of play and production safety is carried out smoothly in the preparation of the processing procedures, tool and cutting, the preparation of high-quality processing program premise.
Precision CNC machining parts Machinery manufacturing industry plays a very important position in the national economy as a whole, precision metal cutting, basic and reliable means of processing, mechanical, electrical, electronic and other modern industrial sector plays an important role. Tools design, manufacture and use since ancient times is highly valued, here we are talking about tools, not only refers to the machine tool for machining, we are more concerned with the cutting tool. tool to promote the development of metal cutting technology. an extremely active and very critical factor, it can be said machining technology development, innovation, history is the history of tool development.
Precision CNC machining parts introduced in 2008, the Little Giant company produced two milling machining center, but has not been able to truly part and universal CNC turning and milling machining center milling functions. Tool selection, machining path planning, cutting the amount of set programmers just set the parameters, you can automatically generate the NC program and transferred to the CNC machine tools to complete the processing, CNC machining, tool selection and cutting to determine the state of human-computer interaction, which is common machining stark contrast, it also requires the programmer must master the basic principles of tool selection and cutting to fully consider the characteristics of CNC machining, programming, study and master the CNC milling machining center, milling functions for complex shape, and accuracy require high precision machining of rotary part, to upgrade my unit of CNC precision machining capabilities, with a very important practical significance.
Precision CNC machining parts The machining quality mainly is refers to the work piece the processing precision and the surface quality (including surface roughness, residual stress and superficial hardening).Along with the technical progress, the machining quality enhances unceasingly.The 18th century later periods, the machining precision counts by the millimeter; At the beginning of 20th century, machining precision Gao Yida 0.01 millimeter; To the 50's, the machining precision has reached a micron level; The 70's, the machining precision enhances to 0.1 micron.
The influence machining quality primary factor has aspects and so on engine bed, cutting tool, jig, work piece semifinished materials, technique and processing environment.Must improve the machining quality, must take the suitable measure to the above various aspects, like reduces the engine bed work error, selects the cutting tool correctly, improves the semifinished materials quality, the reasonable arrangement craft, the improvement environmental condition and so on.
Precision CNC machining parts Enhances the cutting specifications to enhance the material excision rate, is enhances the machining efficiency the essential way.The commonly used highly effective machining method has the high-speed cutting, the force cutting, the plasma arc heating cuts and vibrates the cutting and so on.
The grinding speed is called the high-speed grinding in 45 meters/second above es the high-speed cutting (or grinding) both may enhance the efficiency, and may reduce the surface roughness.The high-speed cutting (or grinding) requests the engine bed to have the high speed, the high rigidity, the high efficiency and the vibration-proof good craft system; Requests the cutting tool to have the reasonable geometry parameter and the convenience tight way, but also must consider the safe reliable chip breaking method.
Precision CNC machining parts The force cutting refers to the roughing feed or cuts the deep machining greatly, uses in the turning and the grinding generally.The force turning main characteristic is the lathe tool besides the main cutting edge, but also some is parallel in the work piece has processed superficial the vice-cutting edge simultaneously to participate in the cutting, therefore may enhance to feed quantity compared to the general turning several times of even several http://www.wendangku.net/doc/90cc2c195ef7ba0d4b733b53.html pares with the high-speed cutting, the force cutting cutting temperature is low, the cutting tool life is long, the cutting efficiency is high; The shortcoming is processes the surface to be rough.When force cutting, the radial direction cutting force death of a parent is not suitable for to process the tall and slender work piece very much.
The vibration cutting is along the cutting tool direction of feed, the attachment low frequency or the high frequency vibration machining, may enhance the cutting efficiency.The low frequency vibration cutting has the very good chip breaking effect, but does not use the chip breaking equipment, makes the knife edge intensity to increase, time the cutting total power dissipation compared to has the chip breaking installment ordinary cutting to reduce about 40%.The high frequency vibration cutting also called the ultrasonic wave vibration cutting, is helpful in reduces between the cutting tool and the work piece friction, reduces the cutting temperature, reduces the cutting tool the coherence attrition, thus the enhancement cutting efficiency and the processing surface quality, the cutting tool life may enhance 40% approximately.
To lumber, plastic, rubber, glass, marble, granite and so on nonmetallic material machining, although is similar with the metal material cutting, but uses the cutting tool, the equipment and the cutting specifications and so on has the characteristic respectively.
The lumber product machining mainly carries in each kind of joiner's bench, its method mainly has: The saw cuts, digs cuts, the turning, the milling, drills truncates with the polishing and so on.
The plastic rigidity is worse than the metal, the easy bending strain, the thermoplastic thermal conductivity to be in particular bad, easy to elevate temperature the conditioning.When cutting plastic, suitably with the high-speed steel or the hard alloy tools, selects the small to feed quantity and the high cutting speed, and uses compressed air cooling.If the cutting tool is sharp, the angle is appropriate, may produce the belt-shaped scrap, easy to carry off the quantity of heat.
Glass (including semiconducting material and so on germanium, silicon) but degree of hardness high brittleness is big.To methods and so on glass machining commonly used cutting, drill hole, attrition and polishing.To thickness in three millimeters following glass plates, the simple cutting method is with the diamond or other hard materials, in glass surface manual scoring, the use scratch place stress concentration, then uses the hand to break off.
To the marble, the granite and the concrete and so on the hard material processing, mainly uses methods and so on cutting, turning, drill hole, shaping, attrition and polishing.When cutting the available circular saw blade adds the grinding compound and the water; The outer annulus and the end surface may use the negative rake the hard alloy lathe tool, by 10~30 meter/minute cutting speed turning; Drills a hole the available hard alloy drill bit; The big stone material plane available hard alloy planing tool or rolls cuts planing tool shaping; The precise smooth surface, available three mutually for the datum to the method which grinds, or the grinding and the polishing method obtains.
Cutting tool in hot strong alloy application
The aviation processing also changes rapidly. For example, nickel base heat-resisting alloy like several years ago the most people had not heard Rene88 now occupies to the aircraft engine manufacture uses the total metal quantity 10~25%. Has very good showing and the commercial reason regarding this. For example, these heat strong alloy will be able to increase the engine endurance moreover to permit the small engine work on the big airplane, that will enhance the combustion efficiency and reduces the operation cost. These tough good materials also present the expense on the cutting tool. Their thermal stability causes on the knife point the temperature to be higher, thus reduced the cutting tool life. Similarly, in these alloy carbide pellet remarkably increased the friction, thus reduces the cutting tool life.
As a result of changes in these conditions, can be very pleased to have processed many titanium alloys and nickel-based alloy materials C-2 hard metal alloys, in the application to today's cutting edge of blade to the crushing and cutting depth of the trench lines badly worn. But using the latest high-temperature processing of small particles hard metal alloys to be effective, cutlery life improved, but more importantly to enhance the reliability of applications in high-temperature alloys. Small particles hard metal than traditional hard metal materials higher compression strength and hardness, only a small increase in the resilience of the cost. And resulted in high temperature alloy processing than traditional hard metal resistance common failure mode more effective.
PVD (physical gas phase deposition) coating also by certificate effective processing heat-resisting alloy. TiN (titanium nitrides) the PVD coating was uses and still was most early most receives welcome. Recently, TiAlN (nitrogen calorization titanium) and TiCN (carbon titanium nitrides) the coating also could very good use. In the past the TiAlN coating application scope and TiN compared the limit to be more. But after the cutting speed enhances them is a very good choice, enhances the productivity in these applications to reach 40%. On the other hand, is decided under the low cutting speed in coating superficial operating mode TiAlN can cause to accumulate the filings lump afterwards, micro collapses with the trench attrition.
Recently, used in the heat-resisting alloy application material quality already developing, these coating but became by several combinations. The massive laboratories and the scene test has already proven this kind of combination and other any kind of sole coating compares in time the very wide scope application is very effective. Therefore aims at the heat-resisting alloy application the PVD compound coating possibly to become the focal point which the hard alloy new material quality research and development continues. With the MTCVD coating, the coating ceramics gather in the same place, they hopefully become a more effective processing to research and develop newly are more difficult to process the work piece material the main impact strength.
Including the refrigerant question is technical and the commercial expansion industrial production tendency another domain which the cutting tool makes. North America and the European strict refrigerant management request and the biggest three automobile manufacturer forces them the core supplier to obtain the ISO14000 authentication (the ISO9000 environment management edition), this causes the refrigerant processing cost rise. To the car company and their core supplier said obviously one of responses which welcome is in the specific processing application avoids completely the refrigerant the use. This kind did the processing the new world to propose a series of challenges for the cutting tool supplier.
Recently, already appeared some to concern this topic to promulgate the speed, to enter for, the coating chemical composition and other parameters very substantial comprehensive nature very strong useful technical papers. Wants to concentrate the elaboration in here me "does the processing viewpoint" in the operation and commercial meaning automobile manufacturer new.
The metal working jobholders can the very good understanding related refrigerant use question, but majority cannot understand concerns except the technical challenge (for example row of filings) beside does the processing question in the cutting tool - work piece contact face between. Usually may observe to the refrigerant disperser scrap which flows out, but the pressure surpasses 3,000 pounds/An inch 2 high speed refrigerant also can help to break the filings, specially soft also the continual scrap can cause in the cutting tool - work piece contact face trouble.
Uses does the cutting craft the components result is the engine bed uses the wet type processing components to be hotter than. Whether before you do allow them to survey in the open-air natural cooling? If processes newly the hot components put frequently to the turnover box, elevates the environment temperature, whether components full cooling and just right enough permission precision examination? Also has the handling side several dozens on hundred components to be able to operate the worker to increase the extra burden.
With many cutting tools/The work piece technical question same place, these latent questions need to state whether dryly adds the ability line. Luckily, has very many ways to elaborate these questions. For example, the compressed air was proven row of filings becomes the question in very many applications the situation to have the successful echo.
Another plan is called MQL (minimum lubrication) a technology, it replaces the traditional refrigerant by the application the quite few oil mists constitution. This is a recognition compromise plan, this kind of minimum technology can large scale reduce the refrigerant the headache matter, moreover the smooth finish which processes in many applications very is also good. This domain still had very many research to do, moreover the cutting tool company positively participated in such research was absolutely essential. If they will not do fall behind the competitor, will be at the disadvantageous position.
In the factory the special details design other perhaps better plan according to the world in. The manufacturing industry jobholders possibly still could ask why they do have to use recent development the technology to replace the refrigerant method diligently which the tradition already an experience number generation of person improved enhances, because implemented especially does the experiment and the defeat which the processing or the subarid processing produced possibly causes the higher short-term cutting tool cost. The concise answer is when the bit probably accounts for the model processing components cost 3%, the refrigerant cost (from purchases to maintenance, storage, processing) can account for the components cost 15%.
Perhaps does the dry processing is not all suits to each application, but above discusses likely other processing questions are same, needs from a wider operation, the environment and the commercial angle appraises. Will be able to help the cutting tool company which the customer will do this to have the competitive advantage, but these will not be able to provide unceasingly is in the passive position.
Cutting tool and nanotechnology
Can fiercely change the cutting tool industry the enchanting new domain is the miniature manufacture, or the processing small granule forms the product which needs. Must refer to is its here does not have about the cutting tool miniature manufacture first matter; Second must say the matter is it is not remote.
Why the miniature manufacture and are the cutting tool related. Because most main is the particle size smaller, the hard alloy toughness of material better also is more wear-resisting. (Some experts define with the nanometer level pellet for are smaller than 0.2 mu m, but other people persisted a nanometer pellet had to be smaller than the hard alloy tools prototype which 0.1 mu m) made already to complete and the test,It is said that wear resistant theatrically increase. The question is the nanometer level hard alloy pellet cannot depend on the smashing big material formation, they are certain through the smaller material constitution, but processes the molecular level granule is not easy and the economical matter.
The formed cutting tool
Precision CNC machining parts When machining, the work piece has processed the surface is depends upon the cutting tool and the work piece makes the relative motion to obtain.According to the surface method of formation, the machining may divide into the knife point path law, the formed cutting tool law, the generating process three kinds.
The knife point path law is depends upon the knife point to be opposite in the work piece surface path, obtains the superficial geometry shape which the work piece requests, like the turning outer annulus, the shaping plane, the grinding outer annulus, with the profile turning forming surface and so on, the knife point path are decided the cutting tool and the work piece relative motion which provides in the engine bed;
Precision CNCmachining parts The formed cutting tool law abbreviation forming, is with the formed cutting tool which matches with the work piece final superficial outline, or the formed grinding wheel and so on processes the formed surface, like formed turning, formed milling and form grinding and so on, because forms the cutting tool the manufacture quite to be difficult, therefore only uses in processing the short formed surface generally;
Precision CNCmachining parts The generating process name rolls cuts method, is when the processing the cutting tool and the work piece do unfold the movement relatively, the cutting tool and the work piece centrode make the pure trundle mutually, between both maintains the definite transmission ratio relations, obtains the processing surface is the knife edge in this kind of movement envelope, in the gear processing rolls the tooth, the gear shaping, the shaving, the top horizontal jade piece tooth and rubs the tooth and so on to be the generating process processing.Some machining has at the same time the knife point path law and the formed cutting tool method characteristic, like thread turning.
The chemical stability
Precision metal parts The chemical stability becomes an important performance performance dividing line compared to the resistance to wear the factor, the speed and the temperature is decided in is processed the modular cast iron the crystal grain structure and the performance. But usually thick coating of TiCN and TiC or only ductile iron oxides in the soil coating is applied to, because the today majority of this kinds are processed the material the cutting speed in each minute 150 to 335 meters between. Is higher than each minute 300 meter applications regarding the speed, the people to this kind of material are satisfied.
Precision metal parts In order to cause this scope performance to be most superior, the mountain high researched and developed and has promoted in view of modular cast iron processing material quality TX150. This kind of material quality has hard also the anti- distortion substrate, is very ideal regarding the processing modular cast iron. Its coating the oxide compound coating which hollowly wears by thick very wear-resisting carbon titanium nitrides and a thin anti- crescent moon, the top is thin layer TiN. This kind of coating which needs the center warm chemistry gas phase deposition using the state of the art production resistance to wear and the anti- crescent moon hollow attrition which the CVD coating complete degree of hardness moreover the tough smoothness increases (MTCVD) the craft. Substrate/The coating combination performance gives the very high anti- plastic deformation and the cutting edge micro collapses the ability, causes it to become under the normal speed to process the modular cast iron the ideal material quality.
Precision metal parts The coating ceramics also display can effectively process the modular cast iron. In the past, the aluminum oxide ceramics application which not the coating tough good such as nitriding silicon and the silicon carbide textile fiber strengthened the work piece material chemistry paralysis limit. Today but could resist the scrap distortion process through the use to have the high thermal coating cutting tool life already remarkably to increase. But certain early this domains work piece processing use aluminum oxides spread the layer crystals to have to strengthen the ceramics, today most research concentrate in the TiN coating nitriding silicon. This kind of coating can remarkably open up the tough good ceramics the application scope.
The new concept of cutting processing
The nowadays cutting tool company cannot only be again the manufacture and the sales cutting tool, in order to succeed, Precision CNC machining parts they must be consistent with the globalization manufacture tendency maintenance, through enhances the efficiency, cooperates with the customer reduces the cost. Approaches the instantaneous global competition after this after NAFTA, the WTO time, the world company is making quickly to the same feeling, is lighter, a cheaper response. In other words, they make the product and the components contain can in high speed under revolve, as a result of the cost pressure, best, is lighter moreover must make cheaply. Obtains these goals a best way is through develops and applies the new material, but these is new and the improvement material usually all with difficulty processes. In in this kind of commercial power and the technical difficulty combination is especially prominent in the automobile and the aviation industry, and has become has the experience the cutting tool company to research and develop the department the most important driving influence.
For example, takes the modular cast iron to say that, it has become the engine part and other automobiles, the agriculture the material which see day by day with the equipment and in the machine tool industry components. Precision CNC machining parts This kind of alloy provides the low production cost and the good machine capability combination. They are cheaper than the steel products, but has a higher intensity and toughness compared to the cast iron. But at the same time the modular cast iron is extremely wear-resisting, has fast breaks by rubbing the cutting tool material the tendency. In this wear resistant very great degree bead luminous body content influence. Some known modular cast iron bead luminous body content higher, its resistance to wear better, moreover its machinability is worse. Moreover, the modular cast iron porosity causes off and on to cut, this even more reduces the life.
May estimate that, PrecisionCNC machining parts the high degree of hardness and the high wear-resisting cutting material quality must consider the modular cast iron the high resistance to wear. And the material quality contains extremely hard TiC in fact (carbonized titanium) or TiCN (carbon titanium nitrides) thick coating when cutting speed each minute 300 meters processes the modular cast iron to prove usually is effective. But along with cutting speed increase, scrap/The cutting tool junction
plane temperature also is increasing. When has such situation, the TiC coating favors in has the chemical reaction with the iron and softens, more pressures function in anti- crescent moon hollow attrition coating. Under these conditions, hoped has one chemical stability better coating, like Al2O3 (although under low speed was inferior to TiC hard or is wear-resisting).
The integration of advanced manufacturing technology
Precision CNC machining parts Traditional manufacturing technology, professional single independent and distinct boundaries between them; advanced manufacturing technology, professional and interdisciplinary due to the continuous infiltration, cross, integration, boundaries gradually fade or even disappear, technology tends to systematic, integrated, has developed into a set of machinery, electronics, information, materials and management techniques for the integration of a new cross-disciplinary. So you can call it a "manufacturing engineering."
Advanced manufacturing technology, the systemic
Traditional manufacturing techniques generally only control the production process of material flow and energy flow. Precision CNC machining parts With the micro-electronics, information technology, the introduction of advanced manufacturing technology so that information can also control generation, collection, transmission, feedback, adjust the flow of information. Advanced manufacturing technology is capable of taming the production process of material flow, energy flow and information flow system engineering.
An advanced manufacturing technology, often generated systematically, taking into account the entire manufacturing processes, such as concurrent engineering is the integration, the concurrent design of products and their components and related processes in a systematic way. This approach requires product development staff and other personnel all work together, beginning on the considerations in the design of products throughout their life cycle, from conception to product scrap and all other factors, including quality, cost, schedule and user requirements. An advanced manufacturing mode in addition to considering product design, manufacturing, the entire process, but also the need to better take into account the entire manufacturing organization.
Precision CNC machining parts advanced manufacturing technology, to emphasize that to achieve high-quality, high efficiency, low consumption, clean, flexible manufacturing Of advanced manufacturing technology is the core of high-quality, high efficiency, low consumption, cleaning and other basic manufacturing technology, it is from the traditional manufacturing process developed, and with the new technology to achieve the local or system integration, and its important features is to achieve high-quality, high efficiency , low consumption, clean, flexible production. This means that the pursuit of advanced manufacturing technology addition to the usual high-quality, high efficiency, but also for the 21st century, humanity faces the limited resources and the growing challenges of environmental pressure and achieve sustainable development requires us to achieve low energy consumption, clean. In addition, advanced manufacturing technology will have to face humanity in the 21st century the
challenge of change in consumer attitudes to meet the increasingly "critical" market demand, to achieve flexible production.
advanced manufacturing technology, the ultimate aim is to enhance the dynamic changing market adaptability and competitiveness of
In order to ensure continued and steady production and cost-effective improvement of market changes can make more agile response, as well as the pursuit of the best technical efficiency and improve the competitiveness of enterprises, advanced manufacturing technology, manufacturing technology is more than the traditional emphasis on technology and The combination of management, more emphasis on manufacturing process organization and management system to simplify and rationalize, resulting in a series of advanced manufacturing model. As the world free trade system to further improve, and the global transportation system and communication networks, the establishment of the manufacturing sector will form a pattern of globalization and integration of new advanced manufacturing technology will also globalization model.
The widespread application of advanced manufacturing technology,
Precision CNC machining parts Advanced manufacturing technology is relatively conventional manufacturing techniques in the application scope of a major difference is that traditional manufacturing techniques are usually only refers to a variety of raw materials into finished products processing technology, and advanced manufacturing technology, although still a large number of application processing and assembly processes, However, because of its composition including the design technology, automation
technology, systems management technology, which will be applied to its consolidated the whole process of manufacturing, covering product design, production preparation, processing and assembly, sale use, maintenance services and even the recycling of the the whole process.
The dynamic characteristics of advanced manufacturing technol
Precision CNC machining parts As advanced manufacturing technology itself is the target for a certain application, absorbing a variety of high-tech gradually formed, the continuous development of new technologies, and therefore its meaning is not absolute and immutable. Is reflected in the different periods, advanced manufacturing technology has its own characteristics; also reflected in the different countries and regions, advanced manufacturing technology has its own focus on the development objectives and content, by focusing on the development of content in order to achieve the national and regional manufacturing technology by leaps and bounds.
The integration of advanced manufacturing technology
Precision CNC machining parts Traditional manufacturing technology, professional single independent and distinct boundaries between them; advanced manufacturing technology, professional and interdisciplinary due to the continuous infiltration, cross, integration, boundaries gradually fade or even disappear, technology tends to systematic, integrated, has developed into a set of machinery, electronics, information, materials and management techniques for the integration of a new cross-disciplinary. So you can call it a "manufacturing engineering."
Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Precision CNC machining parts With the needs of the community personalized, diversified development, production scale along the low-volume - large quantities - more varieties of varying
quantities of direction, as well as computer-based form of hi-tech and the introduction
of modern management techniques, penetration and melting constantly changing the
face of traditional manufacturing technology and content, creating advanced manufacturing technology.
The connotation of advanced manufacturing technology
Precision CNC machining parts Of advanced manufacturing technology currently not yet a clear and agreed definition, through the development of advanced manufacturing technology in recent years, the work carried out through analysis of their characteristics can be considered: advanced manufacturing technology is constantly absorbing information technology industry and the results of modern management techniques and to apply its comprehensive product design, processing, testing, management, sales, use, service and the recovery of the whole process of manufacture in order to achieve high-quality, high efficiency, low consumption, clean, flexible production, increase dynamic changing market adaptability and competitiveness of the manufacturing technology of the general.
2. The characteristics of advanced manufacturing technology
(1) The availability of advanced manufacturing technology
Precision CNC machining parts Advanced manufacturing technology the most important features is that it is above all a for industrial applications, has a strong practical new technologies. From advanced manufacturing technology development process used in manufacturing from the scope of the whole process, in particular, is to achieve the objectives and results, all reflect this is a used in manufacturing, the manufacturing industry, the development of the national economy can play an important role in practical technology. The development of advanced manufacturing technology is often targeted to a specific industry (such as automotive manufacturing, electronics industry) and developed with the needs of advanced manufacturing technology application, there is a clear demand-oriented features; advanced manufacturing technology is not in pursuit of technical The high-tech for the purpose, but rather focused on the generation effect of best practices to improve efficiency, to improve the competitiveness of enterprises and the promotion of national economic growth and overall strength as the goal.
Robot's adhibition 2
Manual operation of a simulation of the automatic machinery, ,Precision CNC machining parts it can be a fixed program draws ﹑ handling objects or perform household tools to accomplish certain specific actions. Application of robot can replace the people engaged in monotonous ﹑ repetitive or heavy manual labor, the mechanization and automation of production, instead of people in hazardous environments manual operation, improving working conditions and ensure personal safety. The late 20th century, 40, the United States atomic energy experiments, the first use of radioactive material handling robot, human robot in a safe room to manipulate various operations and experimentation. 50 years later, manipulator and gradually extended to industrial production sector, for the temperatures, polluted areas, and loading and unloading to take place the work piece material, but also as an auxiliary device in automatic machine tools, machine tools, automatic production lines and processing center applications, the completion of the upper and lower material, or From the library take place knife knife and so on according to fixed procedures for the replacement operation. Robot body mainly by the hand and sports institutions. Agencies with the use of hands and operation of objects of different occasions, often there are clamping ﹑ support and adsorption type of care. Movement organs are generally hydraulic pneumatic ﹑ electrical device drivers.
Precision CNC machining parts Manipulator can be achieved independently retractable ﹑ rotation and lifting movements, generally 2 to 3 degrees of freedom. Robots are widely used in metallurgical industry, machinery manufacture, light industry and atomic energy sectors.
,Precision CNC machining parts Can mimic some of the staff and arm motor function, a fixed procedure for the capture, handling objects or operating tools, automatic operation device. It can replace human labor in order to achieve the production of heavy mechanization and automation that can operate in hazardous environments to protect the personal safety, which is widely used in machinery manufacturing, metallurgy, electronics, light industry and nuclear power sectors.
Mechanical hand tools or other equipment commonly used for additional devices, such as the automatic machines or automatic production line handling and transmission of the workpiece, the replacement of cuttingtools in machining centers, etc. generally do not have a separate control device. Some operating devices require direct manipulation by humans; such as the atomic energy sector performs household hazardous materials used in the master-slave manipulator is also often referred to as mechanical hand.
Precision CNC machining partsManipulator mainly by hand and sports institutions. Task of hand is holding the workpiece (or tool) components, according to grasping objects by shape, size, weight, material and operational requirements of a variety of structural forms, such as clamp type, type and adsorption-based care such as holding. Sports organizations, so that the completion of a variety of hand rotation (swing), mobile or compound movements to achieve the required action, to change the location of objects by grasping and posture. Robot is the automated production of a kind used in the process of crawling and moving piece features automatic device, which is mechanized and automated production process developed a new type of device. In recent years, as electronic technology, especially computer extensive use of robot development and production of high-tech fields has become a rapidly developed a new technology, which further promoted the development of robot, allowing robot to better achieved with the combination of mechanization and automation. Robot can replace humans completed the risk of duplication of boring work, to reduce human labor intensity and improve labor productivity. Manipulator has been applied more and more widely, in the machinery industry, it can be used for parts assembly, work piece handling, loading and unloading, particularly in the automation of CNC machine tools, modular machine tools more
commonly used. At present, the robot has developed into a FMS flexible manufacturing systems and flexible manufacturing cell in an important component of the FMC. The machine tool equipment and machinery in hand together constitute a flexible manufacturing system or a flexible manufacturing cell, it was adapted to small and medium volume production, you can save a huge amount of the work piece conveyor device, compact, and adaptable. When the work piece changes, flexible production system is very easy to change will help enterprises to continuously update the marketable variety, improve product quality, and better adapt to market competition. At present, China's industrial robot technology and its engineering application level and comparable to foreign countries there is a certain distance, application and industrialization of the size of the low level of robot research and development of a direct impact on raising the level of automation in China, from the economy, technical considerations are very necessary. Therefore, the study of mechanical hand design is very meaningful.
Precision CNC machining parts Although the robot is not as flexible as staff, but it has to the continuous duplication of work and labor, I do not know fatigue, not afraid of danger, the power snatch weight characteristics when compared with manual large, therefore, mechanical hand has been of great importance to many sectors, and increasingly has been applied widely, for example:
(1) Precision CNC machining parts Machining the work piece loading and unloading, especially in the automatic lathe, combination machine tool use is more common.
(2) In the assembly operations are widely used in the electronics industry, it can be used to assemble printed circuit boards, in the machinery industry It can be used to assemble parts and components.
(3) The working conditions may be poor, monotonous, repetitive easy to sub-fatigue working environment to replace human labor.
(4) May be in dangerous situations, such as military goods handling, dangerous goods and hazardous materials removal and so on.
(5) Universe and ocean development.
(6) Precision CNC machining parts military engineering and biomedical research and testing. Help mechanical hands: also known as the balancer, balance suspended, labor-saving spreader, manual Transfer machine is a kind of weightlessness of manual load system, a novel, time-saving technology for material handling operations booster equipment, belonging to kinds of non-standard design of series products. Customer application needs, creating customized cases.
Robot'S Main features:
First, precision turned parts mechanical hand (the upper and lower material robot, assembly robot, handling robot, stacking robot, help robot, vacuum handling machines, vacuum suction crane, labor-saving spreader, pneumatic balancer, etc.). Second cantilever cranes (cantilever crane, electric chain hoist crane, air balance the hanging, etc.)
Third, rail-type transport system (hanging rail, light rail, single girder cranes, double-beam crane) machinery,
Four, industrial machinery, precision turned parts application of hand Manipulator in the mechanization and automation of the production process developed a new type of device.
In recent years, precision turned parts as electronic technology, especially computer extensive use of robot development and production of high-tech fields has become a rapidly developed a new technology, which further promoted the development of robot, allowing robot to better achieved with the combination of mechanization and automation
Mechanical hand classification and characteristics
Robots are generally divided into three categories:
Precision CNC machining parts The first is the general machinery does not require manual hand. It is an independent not affiliated with a particular host device.
It can be programmed according to the needs of the task to complete the operation of the provisions. It is characterized with ordinary mechanical performance, also has general machinery, memory, intelligence ternary machinery.
Precision CNC machining partsThe second category is the need to manually do it, called the operation of aircraft. It originated in the atom, military industry, first through the operation of machines to complete a particular job, and later developed to operate using radio signals to carry out detecting machines such as the Moon. Used in industrial manipulator also fall into this category.
Precision CNC machining partsThe third category is dedicated manipulator, the main subsidiary of the automatic machines or automatic lines, to solve the machine up and down the work piece material and delivery. This mechanical hand in foreign countries known as the "Mechanical Hand", which is the host of services, from the host-driven; exception of a few outside the working procedures are generally fixed, and therefore special
Precision CNC machining parts the composition, mechanical hand Robot in the form of a variety of forms, some relatively simple, some more complicated, but the basic form is the same as the composition of the , Usually by the implementing agencies, transmission systems, control systems and auxiliary devices composed.
1. Implementing agencies Manipulator executing agency by the hands, wrists, arms, pillars. Hands are crawling institutions, Precision CNC machining parts is used to clamp and release the workpiece, and similar to human fingers, to complete the staffing of similar actions. Wrist and fingers and the arm connecting the components can be up and down, left, and rotary movement. A simple mechanical hand can not wrist. Pillars used to support the arm can also be made mobile as needed.
2. Transmission The actuator to be achieved by the transmission system. Sub-transmission system commonly used manipulator mechanical transmission, hydraulic transmission, pneumatic and electric power transmission and other drive several forms
3. Precision CNC machining parts Control System Manipulator control system's main role is to control the robot according to certain procedures, direction, position, speed of action, a simple mechanical hand is generally not set up a dedicated control system, using only trip switches, relays, control valves and circuits can be achieved dynamic drive system control, so that implementing agencies according to the requirements of action. Action will have to use complex programmable robot controller, the micro-computer control.
There are also places where it fly in the ointment:
1. As the compressibility of air, resulting in poor aerodynamic stability of the work, resulting in the implementing agencies as the precision of the velocity and not easily controlled.
2. As the use of low atmospheric pressure, the output power can not be too large; in order to increase the output power is bound to the structure of the entire pneumatic system size increased.
Precision CNC machining parts With pneumatic drive and compare with other energy sources drive has the following advantages: Air inexhaustible, used later discharged into the atmosphere, without recycling and disposal, do not pollute the environment. Accidental or a small amount of leakage would not be a serious impact on production.
Precision CNC machining parts Viscosity of air is small, the pipeline pressure loss also is very small, easy long-distance transport. The lower working pressure of compressed air, pneumatic components and therefore the material and manufacturing accuracy requirements can be lowered. In general, reciprocating thrust in 1 to 2 tons pneumatic economy is better.Compared with the hydraulic transmission, and its faster action and reaction, which is one of the outstanding merits of pneumatic.
Precision CNC machining parts Clean air medium, it will not degenerate, not easy to plug the pipeline. It can be safely used in flammable, explosive and the dust big occasions. Also easy to realize automatic overload protection.
Comparison have the following advantages
Precision CNC machining parts With pressure-driven and other energy-driven comparison have the following advantages:
1. Air inexhaustible, used later discharged into the atmosphere, does not require recycling and disposal, do not pollute the environment. (Concept of environmental protection)
2. Precision CNC machining parts Air stick is small, the pipeline pressure loss is small (typically less than asphalt gas path pressure drop of one-thousandth), to facilitate long-distance transport.
3. Compressed air of the working pressure is low (usually 4 to 8 kg / per square centimeter), and therefore moving the material components and manufacturing accuracy requirements can be lowered.
4. Precision CNC machining parts With the hydraulic transmission, compared to its faster action and reaction, which is one of the advantages pneumatic outstanding.
5. The air cleaner media, it will not degenerate, not easy to plug the pipeline.
Precision CNC machining parts An overview of industrial manipulator Robot is a kind of positioning control can be automated and can be re-programmed to change in multi-functional machine, which has multiple degrees of freedom can be used to carry an object in order to complete the work in different environments.
Low wages in China, plastic products industry, although still a labor-intensive, mechanical hand use has become increasingly popular. Electronics and automotive industries that Europe and the United States multinational companies very early in their factories in China, the introduction of automated production. But now the changes are those found in industrial-intensive South China, East China's coastal areas, local plastic processing plants have also emerged in mechanical watches began to become increasingly interested in, because they have to face a high
turnover rate of workers, as well as for the workers to pay work-related injuries fee challenges.
Precision CNC machining parts With the rapid development of China's industrial production, especially the reform and opening up after the rapid increase in the degree of automation to achieve the workpiece handling, steering, transmission or operation of brazing, spray gun, wrenches and other tools for processing and assembly operations since, which has more and more attracted our attention. Robot is to imitate the manual part of the action, according to a given program, track and requirements for automatic capture, handling or operation of the automatic mechanical devices. In real life, you will find this a problem. In the machine shop, the processing of parts loading time is not annoying, and labor productivity is not high, the cost of production major, and sometimes man-made incidents will occur, resulting in processing were injured. Think about what could replace it with the processing time of a tour as long as there are a few people, and can operate 24 hours saturated human right .The answer is yes, but the robot can come to replace it
Precision CNC machining parts Production of mechanical hand can increase the automation level of production and labor productivity; can reduce labor intensity, ensuring product quality, to achieve safe production; particularly in the high-temperature, high pressure, low temperature, low pressure, dust, explosive, toxic and radioactive gases such as poor environment can replace the normal working people. Here I would like to think of designing a robot to be used in actual production. Why would a robot designed to provide a pneumatic power: pneumatic robot refers to the compressed air as power source-driven robot.
Robot developed in Precision CNC machining parts recent decades as high-tech automated production equipment. Industrial robot is an important branch of industrial robots.
It features can be programmed to perform tasks in a variety of expectations, in both structure and performance advantages of their Precision CNC machining parts own people and machines, in particular, reflects the people's intelligence and adaptability. The accuracy of robot operations and a variety of environments the ability to complete the work in the field of national economy and there are broad prospects for development.
Precision CNC machining parts With the development of industrial automation, there has been CNC machining center, it is in reducing labor intensity, while greatly improved labor productivity. However, the upper and lower common in CNC machining processes material, usually still use manual or traditional relay-controlled semi-automatic device. The former time-consuming and labor intensive, inefficient; the latter due to design complexity, require more relays, wiring complexity, vulnerability to body vibration interference, while the existence of poor reliability, fault more maintenance problems and other issues. Programmable Logic Controller PLC-controlled robot control system for materials up and down movement is simple, circuit design is reasonable, with a strong anti-jamming capability, ensuring the system's reliability, reduced maintenance rate, and improve work efficiency.
Robot technology related to mechanics, mechanics, electrical hydraulic technology, automatic control technology, sensor technology and computer technology and other fields of science, is a cross-disciplinary integrated technology.
Efficient tool and modules
Precision CNC machining parts Efficient tool To improve production efficiency, double-sided, four and more than clamping fixture of more and more products. Work piece in order to reduce the installation time, all kinds of auto-centering clamping, precision flat clamp, clamping levers, cam clamp, such as pneumatic and hydraulic clamping, rapid clamping new features constantly. New type of electronically controlled permanent magnet fixture, step up and release the work piece only 1~2 seconds, simplifying the fixture structure for the machine to carry out stage, faceted and processing to create the condition. American JERGENS the company's ball lock clamping system,1 minutes, will be able to locate and lock fixture in the machine tool table, the ball lock clamping system of flexible production line for the replacement of fixtures, played reduce downtime and increase the role of productivity.
Precision CNC machining parts Modular components of modular fixture is the basis of the realization of portfolio. Take advantage of the modular design of serialization, standardization fixture elements, quickly assembled into a variety of fixtures, has become a fixture technology development basis points.Save labor, time, materials, energy-saving, being reflected in a variety of advanced fixture system innovation. The modular design laid the foundation for the the fixture computer-aided design and assembly. Application of CAD technology to create a component library the typical fixture library, standard and user archive fixture optimization design, assembly fixtures for users dimensional solid. Cutting process simulation tool, both to provide users with the correct fixtures and components supporting the program, but also the accumulation of experience, understand the market demand, and continue to improve and perfect the fixture system.
Precision CNC machining parts Economic fixture versatility direct impact on the economy. Modules, modular fixture system, a one-time investment is relatively large, the only fixture system reconfigurable and scalability features a wide range of applications, common good, fixture utilization, faster recovery of investment to reflect the economic good.
Clip-on spring-centering clamping cylinder body
This centering clamping sleeve body type commonly used in the installation of the work piece.
Cnc machine center Elastic centering clamping simple structure, small size, easy to operate quickly, so a wide range of applications. Centering accuracy of its stability in between0.04mm~ 0.010mm. In addition to the above described centering clamping bodies, are commonly used diaphragm chuck body, corrugated centering clamping sets of institutions, as well as fluid bodies such as plastic clamping
Cnc machine center Machining fixture is an indispensable component in the machine tool technology to high-speed, high efficiency, precision, complex, intelligent, environmentally-friendly direction, driven by technology is moving fixture high-precision, high-performance, modular, mix, general economic direction.
Cnc machine center First, high-precision Machining with improved accuracy, in order to reduce the positioning error and improve machining accuracy of the fixture manufacturing precision demanding high-precision positioning jig Distance accuracy up to ± 5μm the bearing surface of the vertical fixture achieve 0.01mm / 300mm up to parallelism0.01mm/500mm. Switzerland duplication EROWA Flexible fixture positioning accuracy of up to 2 ~5μm. Precision machine tool fixture to the micron level has been raised the worlds leading manufacturer of fixture is precision machinery manufacturing enterprises. It is true that, in order to meet the needs of different industries and economy, folders with different models, as well as the different grades for the accuracy of the standard options.
Institutions centering clamping
Precision CNC machining parts When the work piece is processed by the central element of surface (axis, the center plane, etc.) for the base process in order to enable the base to reduce the positioning error of coincidence to be used centering clamping body.
Centering centering clamping body and clamping the two functions such as horizontal self-centering three-jaw lathe chuck is a classic example of the most commonly used.
Centering centering clamping the role of institutions according to their principle, there are two types, one is relying on the transmission mechanism so that mobile speed centering clamping device in order to achieve centering clamping, such as spiral leveraged institutions such as wedge; the other is the use of thin-walled elastic element force even after the elastic deformation (contraction or expansion), to achieve centering clamping, such as a spring clip drum, diaphragm chuck, bellows units, such as liquid plastic.
1. Centering clamping body spiral
Precision CNC machining parts Rotary screw thread at both ends to the contrary, the same pitch. When it spins, the two V-shaped gag against the constant movement in order to achieve the centering of the work piece clamping or release. V-shaped work pieces of different shapes can shut up the replacement.
Centering clamping bodies such features are: simple structure the work trip and general good but the centering accuracy is not high mainly suitable for rough or semi-finished tour of the needs of large and less demanding precision centering occasions.
2. Leveraged institutions centering clamping
Three-jaw self-centering leveraged trading cards, sleeve for axial movement the circle are three fabric hook lever will rotate around the axis, the three struck the slider along the radial movement of the cards in order to promote its claws the work piece centering and clamping or release.
Precision CNC machining parts This centering clamping rigid body, and move fast, by force multiplier, and the work trip is also characterized by relatively large, but its relatively low precision centering. Generally about 0.1mm it is mainly used for rough work. Since the body can not self-locking lever, so that organizations rely on self-locking air pressure or other agencies.
3. Centering clamping wedge bodies
Wedge mobile folder automatically centering body claw when the work piece surface within the hole and left the position in the fixture after the six-cylinder through the rod so that the left claw clip due to the role of ontology on the slope while the left claw folder to the opened outside the bulge will be centering the workpiece clamping the other hand claw shifted to right folder in the role of spring circle card folder under claw to release the work piece.
Centering clamping bodies such compact structure usually ranging from precision centering 0.02mm~ 0.07mm compared with the hole for the workpiece surface for positioning the base of the semi-finishing processes.