The robotic system has three basic components : the manipulator , the controller , and the power source
The manipulator , which does the physical work of the robotic system , consists of two sections : the mechanical section and the attached appendage .
The manipulator also has a base to which the appendages are attached .
The base of the manipulator is usually fixed to the floor of the work area . Sometimes , though , the base may be movable . In this case , Cnc machining the base is attached to either a rail or a track , allowing the manipulator to be moved from one location to another .
As mentioned previously , the appendage extends from the base of the robot . The appendage is the arm of the robot . It can be either a straight , movable arm or a jointed arm . the jointed arm is also known as an articulated arm .
The appendages of the robot manipulator give the manipulator its various axes of motion . These axes are attached to a fixed base , which , in turn ,Cnc machining is secured to a mounting . This mounting ensures that the manipulator will remain in one location。
At the end of the arm , a wrist is connected . The wrist is made up of additional axes and a wrist flange . The wrist flange allows the robot user to connect different tooling to the wrist for different jobs
The manipulator’s axes allow it to perform work within a certain area . This area is called the work cell of the robot , and its size corresponds to the size of the manipulator . Fig.2 illustrates the work cell of a typical assembly robot . As the robot’s physical size increases , the size of the work cell must also increase .
The movement of the manipulator is controlled by actuators , or drive systems . The actuators , or drive system , allows the various axes to move within the work cell . The drive system can use electric , Cnc machining hydraulic , or pneumatic power . The energy developed by the drive system is converted to mechanical power by various mechanical drive systems .The drive systems are coupled through mechanical linkages .These linkages, in turn , drive the different axes of the robot . The mechanical linkages may be composed of chains , gears ,and ball screws.